It may have both an anti-spirochaete activity and an anti-inflammatory activity, similar to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. And caution is required if patients have certain heart conditions, diabetes, psoriasis etc. Hydroxy chloroquine Plaquenil and prednisone together Hydroxychloroquine and notalgia paresthetica Dose of plaquenil for sarcoid skin lesions Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, chloroquine Aralen, and quinacrine Atabrine are medications that were originally used to prevent or treat malaria. However, during World War II it was also found that these medications were effective in treating the symptoms of lupus. Precise mechanism of action is not known. INDICATIONS PLAQUENIL is indicated for the suppressive treatment and treatment of acute attacks of malaria due to Plasmodium vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and susceptible strains of P. falciparum. It is also indicated for the treatment of discoid and systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Dec 02, 2016 Methods. Monocytic cells were stimulated with human aPL in vitro and expression of tissue factor TF and tumor necrosis factor TNFα was quantified by qRT-PCR. For intracellular ROS detection, cells were stained with OxyBurst and analyzed by flow cytometry. The most serious adverse effects affect the eye, with dose-related retinopathy as a concern even after hydroxychloroquine use is discontinued. The most common adverse effects are a mild nausea and occasional stomach cramps with mild diarrhea. Plaquenil method of action PLAQUENIL HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE, USP WARNING., PLAQUENIL® Plaquenil online Mechanism of action The precise mechanism by which hydroxychloroquine exhibits activity against Plasmodium is not known. Hydroxychloroquine, like chloroquine, is a weak base and may exert its effect by concentrating in the acid vesicles of the parasite and by inhibiting polymerization of heme. PLAQUENIL® HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE TABLETS, USP. Mechanism of Action of Hydroxychloroquine in the.. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine - Side Effects, Dosage.. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. PLAQUENIL hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets belongs to the 4-aminoquinoline class. PLAQUENIL has been beneficial for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus, especially chronic discoid lupus. The exact mode of action in controlling these diseases is unknown. Small amounts of hydroxychloroquine can be found in breastmilk, but international experts indicate this medication is acceptable while breastfeeding. MECHANISM OF ACTION. Plaquenil increases the pH of lysosomes and impairs complement-dependent antigen-antibody reactions. It also inhibits the chemotaxis of eosinophils and locomotion of neutrophils.