She suffered from Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis and was currently treated with prednisone and methotrexate. She was previously treated with hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) 200mg bid (6.5mg/kg) for 10 years, which was stopped one year prior to presentation. Chloroquine vs malarone Tapering hydroxychloroquine Prophylaxis of malaria chloroquine Chloroquine in hepatic amoebiasis Currently, one of the primary functional screening tests recommended for the evaluation of Plaquenil retinal toxicity is 10-2 white stimulus automated visual fields; however, research shows Asian patients benefited from 24-2 or 30-2 visual fields, given that toxicity often manifests changes beyond the macula in these patients. 9 Because spectral-domain optical coherence tomography SD-OCT is readily accessible and able to detect early structural damage prior to clinical funduscopic findings. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate HCQ, Plaquenil is an analogue of chloroquine CQ, an antimalarial agent, used for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders. Its use has been associated with severe retinal toxicity, requiring a discontinuation of therapy. In 2002, the American Academy of Ophthalmology AAO established ocular examination guidelines for screening patients on Plaquenil therapy. Testing included a comprehensive eye exam that consisted of an assessment of the posterior segment with careful evaluation of associated macular changes or signs of retinal disease. 4 Baseline fundus photography was considered as an optional test. Review of systems: Blurred vision, halos, dry eye, dry mouth, gastroesophageal reflux, joint pain Pupils: Reactive to light in each eye from 5 mm in the dark to 2 mm in the light. Extraocular movements: Full, both eyes (OU) Confrontation visual fields: Full OU Intra-ocular pressure The optic nerves appeared healthy with a 0.3 cup-to-disc ratio. Past Ocular History: None Medical History: Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis, supraventricular tachycardia, anxiety, depression, peptic ulcer disease Medications: prednisone, methotrexate, amitriptyline, ranitidine, estradiol, tizanidine, diltiazem, Restasis Allergies: codeine, droperidol Family History: heart disease, arthritis, cancer Social History: occasional alcohol but no tobacco or intravenous drug use. Plaquenil testing protocol Hydroxychloroquine And Chloroquine Screening 2016 AAO., Retinal toxicity associated with chronic exposure to. Plaquenil curly hairPlaquenil manufacturer couponsChloroquine loss of taste PLAQUENIL film-coated tablets cannot be divided, therefore they should not be used to treat patients who weigh less than 31 kg. For radical cure of P. vivax and P. malariae infections, concomitant therapy with an 8-aminoquinoline compound is necessary. Plaquenil Dosage Guide -. New Plaquenil Guidelines. Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine is in a class of drugs called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, which are used to decrease inflammation, pain and joint damage. While today it is used to treat autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, it was originally used as an anti-malaria drug. Many patients are prescribed plaquenil prior to developing symptoms. If patients are prescribed HCQ early in the disease process then they could be taking the drug for many years. The standard dose for a new patient prescribed plaquenil is 200 mg BID. Is this too much? 2011 Guidelines warned about cumulative dose of 1000g Or your doctor may suggest hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Each of these drugs has potentially serious side effects. More Information. Photodynamic therapy; Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Lifestyle and home remedies. Because morphea dries the affected skin, moisturizers may help soften and improve the feel of your skin. It's a good idea.